Mutual Benefit and Friendly Society
POLISH HALL, 154 Pearl St. BRANTFORD, ON.
|The Coat of
Arms of Poland
consists of a White Eagle on a red shield. The Eagle is wearing a
In Poland, the Coat of Arms is usually called simply White Eagle
BiaÅ‚y), and it is always capitalized. MORE...
School is a wonderful place for all kids (grand kids) to learn
Polish language and traditions. Our students are children from Polish and
“mixed” families. The school teaches literacy skills in Polish (reading
and writing) and offers a solid grounding in Polish history, culture,
and traditions. The classes are age appropriate, the atmosphere is very
friendly and warm. We invite all parents and grandparents to enroll their
children in our school program and join us. The more the merrier!
Proverbs, they are available in Polish and English language.
collection of Polish
Recipes, some of them are original from Old Country and some of
them are influenced by Canadian and other International blend...
your kids and read them for
|We have just
the right place
for your next Super Bowl Party, Soccer Party or any other Theme Night.
Affordable rental for your entertainment needs. Please CLICK
HERE for more info.
on a team NOW!
Become part of
dart or pool leagues,
organize your own game or league, rent game room for social, family or
corporate games or just come out and have a good time. We feature great
food, friendly atmosphere and fully stocked bar when you need to relax.
Click on the image for info.
in our Business Directory...
HERE for more info.
The Republic of Poland,
a country in Central Europe, lies between Germany (456 km) to the west,
the Czech Republic (658 km) and Slovakia (444 km) to the south, Ukraine
(526 km) and Belarus (407 km) to the east, and the Baltic Sea,
Lithuania (91 km) and Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast exclave (206 km) to the
Poland's official name in Polish is Rzeczpospolita Polska. Poland belongs to medium size
countries (by size 9th place in Europe and the 63th in the world) and covers total
area of 312,685 sq. km (Land: 304,465 sq. km; Water: 8,220 sq. km;
Coastline: 491 km; Terrain: mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border;
lowest elevation point: near Raczki Elblaskie -2 m; highest elevation point:
Rysy 2,499 m). The longest Polish river, the Vistula (1,047 km), runs through
the centre of the country.
Poland has 16 provinces (wojewodztwa, singular - wojewodztwo); Dolnoslaskie,
country has some 38,536,869 (July 2006 est.) inhabitants placing it
seventh in Europe and 25th in the
world. In European terms, Poland is a country of average population
density - 123 persons per square kilometer. A dozen or so million Poles
people of Polish origin live outside Poland, including the bigger
groups in the United States, Brazil, France, Canada, Germany, Belarus,
Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, and the Czech Republic.
National minorities (Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Ukrainian, Jewish) account for 2 to 3% of the country's
City: Warsaw and its largest city. It is located on the Vistula river
roughly 350 km
from both the Baltic coast and the Carpathian Mountains. Its population
as of 2004 was estimated at 1,676,600, with an urban agglomeration of
Warshawis also also the capital of
Masovian Voivodship, is home to many industries (manufacturing, steel,
electrical engineering, automotive industry),
comprises 66 higher learning institutions incl. (Warsaw University,
Warsaw University of Technology, Higher School of Business and Medical
Academy) and over
30 Theaters incl. the National Theatre and Opera and the Philharmonic
Most Polish people (62%) live in
towns. The biggest of them are: Warsaw (1,676,600 inhabitants),
Lodz (842,000), Cracow (751,000), Wroclaw (644,000), Poznan (589,000),
Gdansk (467,000), Szczecin (415,000), Bydgoszcz (384,000), Katowice
(366,000) and Lublin (352,000).
There are 124
institutions of higher learning in Poland with the total number of
students in the range
of 495,000. Most of them, nearly 180,000, study at various university
There are more than 100,000 students of technical universities. Higher
school of pedagogic, agriculture and medical academies are further down
the list. It is worth noting that the Cracow Academy established in
1364 was the first Polish institution of higher learning and one of the
oldest universities in Europe.
Government and Related:
The supreme legislative organ of state authority in Poland is the bi-cameral parliament composed
of the Sejm and the Senate elected for a four-year term. There are 460 MPs and 100 Senators.
The President elected in a general ballot for the period of five years is the head of state.
The supreme executive organ of state authority is the Council of Ministers (the Government), headed
by the Prime Minister.
Government Executive Branch:
Chief Of State: President Lech KACZYNSKI (since 23 December 2005)
Head Of Government: Prime Minister Jaroslaw KACZYNSKI (since 10 July 2006);
Deputy Prime Ministers: Ludwik DORN (since 23 November 2005), Roman GIERTYCH (since 5 May 2006), Zyta GILOWSKA (since 22 September 2006)
Cabinet: Council of
Ministers responsible to the prime minister and the Sejm; the prime
minister proposes, the president appoints, and the Sejm approves the
Council of Ministers
president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a
second term); election last held 9 and 23 October 2005 (next to be held
October 2010); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by
the president and confirmed by the Sejm
Two national holidays are celebrated in Poland in an especially festive
way: May 3 (the anniversary of the adoption of Europe's first, and the
second in the world Constitution on May 3, 1791) and November 11
The origins of the names of the country, Polska, and of
the nationality, the Poles, remain unclear. A common opinion holds that
the name Polska comes from the Polanes tribe who established the Polish
state in the 10th century (Greater Poland). Their name may derive from
the Slavic word pole (field), or it may come from the tribal name
Goplanie - people living around Lake Goplo - the cradle of Poland
mentioned as Glopeani having 400 strongholds circa 845. Conventional
etymology of the ethnic name of the Poles relates it more widely to the
Polish Polanie, "dwellers of the field"; pol, "field".
Poland's location and accessible terrain has meant that the land has
seen many wars fought over it, and its borders have shifted
considerably over the centuries.
Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived near the middle of the
10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the
following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal
disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772
and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst
themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun
by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet
satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively
tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of
the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a
political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the
presidency. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled
the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in
Central Europe, but Poland still faces the lingering challenges of high
unemployment, underdeveloped and dilapidated infrastructure. Solidarity
suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it
failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and
the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to
reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and
the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic,
market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly
active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.
Poland has a temperate climate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation,
not very frosty, only in the north-eastern region temperatures drop below
-20 degrees C; the first spring buds and leaves usually appear early in
April; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers, and the recently
increasingly dry summers are warm and sometimes even hot (record +38 degrees
C); greenery become yellow, golden, red, then fall in October and November.
The average annual rainfall is about 600 mm.
Official Site from the Polish Government
- Official Prime Ministerial Site
- Official Presidential Site
- Official site of the Senate
- Official site of the Sejm
Konstytucyjny - Official site of the Constitutional Tribunal
Najwyzszy - Official site of the Supreme Court
Coat of Arms of Poland
Flag Of Poland
Tourism Information Portal
About Poland From The CIA Factbook
- From Wikipedia